Thailand
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currency: Baht (THB)
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Thailand profile
controls only land route from Asia to Malaysia and Singapore
Thailand history
A unified Thai kingdom was established in the mid-14th century. Known as Siam until 1939, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been taken over by a European power. A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to a constitutional monarchy. In alliance with Japan during World War II, Thailand became a US treaty ally in 1954 after sending troops to Korea and later fighting alongside the United States in Vietnam. Thailand since 2005 has experienced several rounds of political turmoil including a military coup in 2006 that ousted then Prime Minister THAKSIN Chinnawat, followed by large-scale street protests by competing political factions in 2008, 2009, and 2010. Demonstrations in 2010 culminated with clashes between security forces and pro-THAKSIN protesters, elements of which were armed, and resulted in at least 92 deaths and an estimated $1.5 billion in arson-related property losses. THAKSIN's youngest sister, YINGLAK Chinnawat, in 2011 led the Puea Thai Party to an electoral win and assumed control of the government. YINGLAK's leadership was almost immediately challenged by historic flooding in late 2011 that had large swathes of the country underwater and threatened to inundate Bangkok itself. Throughout 2012 the Puea Thai-led government struggled with the opposition Democrat Party to fulfill some of its main election promises, including constitutional reform and political reconciliation. Since January 2004, thousands have been killed and wounded in violence associated with the ethno-nationalist insurgency in Thailand's southern Malay-Muslim majority provinces.
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Conventional long form: Kingdom of Thailand

Conventional short form: Thailand

Local long form: Ratcha Anachak Thai

Local short form: Prathet Thai

Formerly known as: Siam
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Thailand's capital city is Bangkok
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Thailand Constitution:

24 August 2007
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Thailand population growth rate: 0.543%
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Thailand highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,576 m
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Thailand lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
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About 28% of Thailand's land is arable.
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Chi River is the Longest River in Thailand
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Thailand birth rate is 13 births/1,000 population
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Thailand infant mortality rate is 16 deaths/1,000 live births
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Thailand fertility rate is 1.66 children born/woman
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Thailand climate:

tropical;

rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September);

dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March);

southern isthmus always hot and humid
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Top 10 cities of Thailand with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Bangkok: 5,658,953
2. Nonthaburi: 260,555
3. Pak Kret: 168,763
4. Hat Yai: 157,682
5. Udon Thani: 141,953
6. Chiang Mai: 141,361
7. Nakhon Ratchasima: 138,303
8. Surat Thani: 127,496
9. Khon Kaen: 113,754
10. Nakhon Si Thammarat: 109,353
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Thailand ethnic groups:

Thai - 75%

Chinese - 14%

other - 11%
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Thailand Exports:

electronics
computer parts
automobiles and parts
electrical appliances
machinery and equipment
textiles and footwear
fishery products
rice
rubber
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Thailand Imports:

capital goods
intermediate goods and raw materials
consumer goods
fuels
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bicameral National Assembly or Rathasapha consisted of the Senate or Wuthisapha (150 seats; 77 members elected by popular vote representing 77 provinces, 73 appointed by judges and independent government bodies; members serve six-year terms) and the House of Representatives or Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon (500 seats; 375 members elected from 375 single-seat constituencies and 125 elected on proportional party-list basis; members serve four-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
77 provinces (changwat, singular and plural)
Amnat Charoen, Ang Thong, Bueng Kan, Buriram, Chachoengsao, Chai Nat, Chaiyaphum, Chanthaburi, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Chon Buri, Chumphon, Kalasin, Kamphaeng Phet, Kanchanaburi, Khon Kaen, Krabi, Krung Thep Mahanakhon (Bangkok), Lampang, Lamphun, Loei, Lop Buri, Mae Hong Son, Maha Sarakham, Mukdahan, Nakhon Nayok, Nakhon Pathom, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Sawan, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Nan, Narathiwat, Nong Bua Lamphu, Nong Khai, Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Pattani, Phangnga, Phatthalung, Phayao, Phetchabun, Phetchaburi, Phichit, Phitsanulok, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Phrae, Phuket, Prachin Buri, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Ranong, Ratchaburi, Rayong, Roi Et, Sa Kaeo, Sakon Nakhon, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon, Samut Songkhram, Sara Buri, Satun, Sing Buri, Sisaket, Songkhla, Sukhothai, Suphan Buri, Surat Thani, Surin, Tak, Trang, Trat, Ubon Ratchathani, Udon Thani, Uthai Thani, Uttaradit, Yala, Yasothon
Political parties and leaders:
Chat Pattana Party or CPN (Nation Development Party [WANNARAT Channukul]; Chat Thai Phattana Party or CTP (Thai Nation Development Party) [THAWORN Jampa-ngoen (acting)]; Mahachon Party or Mass Party [APHIRAT Sirinawin]; Matubhum Party (Motherland Party [SONTHI Bunyaratkalin]; Phalang Chon Party (People [Chonburi] Power Party) [CHAO Maneewong]; Phumjai (Bhumjai) Thai Party or PJT (Thai Pride) [ANUTIN Charnvirakul]; Prachathipat Party or DP (Democrat Party) [ABHISIT Wechachiwa, also spelled ABHISIT Vejjajiva]; Prachathipathai Mai Party (New Democrat Party0 [SURATIN Phijarn]; Puea Thai Party (For Thais Party) or PTP [CHARUPHONG Rueangsusan also spelled JARUPONG Ruangsuwan]; Rak Prathet Thai Party (Love Thailand Party) [CHUWIT Kamonwisit]; Rak Santi Party (Peace Conservation Party) [THAWIL Surachetphong]